One of my teachers, Prof. Pitta, of University of Baltimore once mentioned There are 4 main ways people can achieve their needs, let take a look as well as at their (Acquirer / Releaser) score.
When someone takes something like force. Like someone breaking into your car to steal your GPS. In this case, that someone achieve a small gain, he probably sells that $600 GPS for $50 or for a couple of sniffs of white powder. The victim, you, loses, the cost of repairing the car glass, replacing the GPS and the sense of security. Score: (+ / ----)
When one goes out to acquire a product or service through exerting effort, using natural and free resources. This is like going fishing, spending a whole day under the sizzling sun, and getting a catch of a dozen trouts. You win, no one loses (at least directly). Score (++ / neutral)
When someone receives a product or service as a gift. In this case no productivity is performed and hence not mutual exchange of value. Such is the case with giving a begger change. The begger gains a limited value, but the donor doesn't gain, besides the fact of maybe feeling good about helping someone in need, nor does the society. Please do not confuse begging with charity. Charity is used for productivity and development. Score (+ / +).
This is where value lies. Exchange is when you go a get a car in
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